In the City of Harrisonburg, Virginia, racial minorities make up 30% of the population but less than 10% of the workforce employed by the City. These racial disparities and discriminatory hiring practices have repeatedly been brought to the attention of City Council members and the City of Harrisonburg's Human Resource Department, to no avail.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 protects individuals against employment discrimination on the basis of race. Title VII applies to employers with 15 or more employees, including state and local governments. It also applies to employment agencies and to labor organizations, as well as to the federal government.
It is unlawful to discriminate against any employee or applicant for employment because of his/her race or color in regard to hiring, termination, promotion, compensation, job training, or any other term, condition, or privilege of employment. Title VII also prohibits employment decisions based on stereotypes and assumptions about abilities, traits, or the performance of individuals of certain racial groups. Title VII prohibits both intentional discrimination and neutral job policies that disproportionately exclude minorities and that are not job related...(I)t is also unlawful to retaliate against an individual for opposing employment practices that discriminate based on race or color, or for filing a discrimination charge, testifying, or participating in any way in an investigation, proceeding, or litigation under Title VII.
Source: US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission